Vietnam: the educational system & children's future with statistics by Unicef


BL&MT continues with its ambition to be a reliable and long term partner of providing quality education and financial support for children and people in Vietnam.

Below facts support the immediate need of providing funds, facilitates and qualified teachers to help young people to get a safer, happier and more productive future. Please spend a few minutes and familiar yourself with below article and feel free to contact me at any time.

Hard facts

  • Only primary education has been free, secondary education is not free which negatively impacts families with low income or no jobs. 
  • Figure 2.3 in Report (1) by Unicef shows high out-of-school figures for minorities and disabled people in Vietnam.
  • Although the government supports so called certified poor families with fee exemptions and allowances, the quality of the curricula and school system needs to be improved to meet industry demand.
  • My experience states that new school facilities are required and the sizes of classes needs to be reduced to allow for effective and efficient learning.
  • Graph 2.4 in Report (1) by Unicef shows that less students attend secondary school compared with primary school in Vietnam. There is a big difference of migrants and non-migrants as well as disabled, partly disabled and non-disabled kids in terms of school dropouts according to the graph.   
  • 17.65% (289,646) of kids aged 14 do not attend secondary school according to graph 2.10 in Report (1) by Unicef. 573,00 kids are not attending secondary school in rural areas according to table 2.10 of the same report. 

My own theory further says that when poor kids are becoming teenagers, they are often forced to work and generate an income for underprivileged families. Accordingly, by equipping these poor families with adequate training, and qualified education such as how to run a small business, this may help to reduce the number of dropouts among teenagers. 

I know from my own experience that apps such as Uber and Grab create a lot of part-time jobs for university students, and similar technology may also provide opportunities for poor families in need to find an extra income (connect buyers with suppliers). Or why not teaching poor families how to start an e-shop due to the availability of low cost labor in Vietnam? 

  • Did you know that 23% of people from the minority group Mong have never attended school according to Report (1) by Unicef, table 2.12a ?
  • The number of school dropouts between the age of 5 and 17 increases with over 1000% in Vietnam according to table 2.12b Report (1) by Unicef. 

What are the barriers and bottlenecks of children attending schools? 

  • Affordability - no money for school fees

cited: "Solving inequalities in early childhood education means eliminating the close relation between income and education and addressing the relation between parents’ education qualifications and their children’s schooling" (Report 1).

cited: "More than 80 per cent of well-off family households let their children attend early childhood education; similarly, and 83 per cent of the mothers who had completed high school let their children attend early childhood education. On the other hand, less than 50 per cent of mothers who had not finished high school let their children attend early childhood education" (Report 1)

  • Child labor

cited: "The ratio of child work was high in families with a low income, families that lived in rural areas, and families with parents who had little education" (Report 1) chapter 3.1.2

  • Climate change and disasters

cited "Viet Nam is considered to be one of the more vulnerable countries with regard to climate change, ranking the thirteenth most vulnerable country in the world in a recent study.11 Droughts, floods, landslides, and salination of the soil make rural life difficult in many parts of Viet Nam. In An Giang, for example, the Situation Analysis on Children made the point that children in migrant households in general, and children in households affected by flooding in particular, were especially prone to dropping out of school" (Report 1, section 3.1.4)

  • School infrastructure

cited: "Barriers in school infrastructure concern the quantity and quality of schools and classrooms; inadequate physical facilities for children with disabilities; distance to school and a lack of a means of transportation; and a lack of clean water and sanitation facilities. These barriers had a remarkable impact on schooling opportunities and schooling commitment, at least at the end of each education level, as well as on the learning environment, and thus increased the challenges related to out-of-school children." (Report, 1, section 3.3.1)

  • Lack of teachers

cited: "The surveys in the six provinces showed that was often a shortage of pre-primary teachers for full-day schooling in remote and resource constrained areas. There was a shortage of teachers at primary schools as well, and many satellite schools did not have teachers who are specialized in primary school education. At lower secondary schools there was no shortage in terms of total number, but there was a shortage and a redundancy of teachers for the different subjects." (report 1, section 3.3.2)

Another issue with teachers according to my view is that they are often not compensated well enough for their efforts and quality provided, hence, negatively impacting their motivation and many qualified teachers therefore leave areas where they are most needed. 

According to below hard facts, I therefore believe it is vital continue to help children and young people to complete their studies, and equip them with insights and knowledge needed to survive and thrive today as well as in the future.

I kindly ask for your support and donations can be made on following page

About BL&MT
BL&MT ( was founded in Ireland in 2016 as a stock trading and business blog, but is now slowly transforming itself into a leadership, education and charity boutique site. Connect with us on social media and stay tuned with our latest news and events. If there is anything I can do for you, don’t hesitate to contact me:  

Thank you for reading this article, and I wish you a pleasant day,  
Antonios Papadimitriou (MBA, UK)
Master Teacher & Charity Director
Date: 18 July 2017
Saigon, Vietnam, District 1, Thai Van Lung  


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 Antonios Papadimitriou, Founder of BL&MT, provides seminars and tutorials, in business (MBA level), effective leadership and public speaking being a few examples.

Antonios Papadimitriou, Founder of BL&MT, provides seminars and tutorials, in business (MBA level), effective leadership and public speaking being a few examples.